Criminal charges contain elements. These elements are conditions that, in part, define prohibited behavior and must be satisfied in order for charges to lead to a conviction for any given set of actions carried out by a citizen. In other words, an element is a subcomponent of a criminal offense, and each element must be… Read More


When a crime occurs, police become informed by citizens who call either 911 for emergencies, recently committed crimes, and crimes in progress, or who call non-emergency police numbers for cold crimes. When calls are received, trained police dispatchers gather information from the caller. When a crime is in progress or recently committed, dispatchers will ask… Read More


Most people realize that while driving a car, failure to comply with traffic laws carries a risk of being pulled over and issued a citation. Receiving a traffic ticket is usually a minor event that involve less than two hundred dollars and possibly traffic school to prevent a conviction on one’s record. However, some do… Read More


Each of the 50 states has either statutes or common law rules providing that a person has the right to defend himself from unlawful attack by another. This is a reflection of the understanding of natural law which dictates that all people have the right to be secure in their persons and be free from… Read More


Each of the 50 states is empowered to create rights in excess of those already in place and guaranteed by the constitution, and which the United States Supreme Court does not recognize. Where to these rights come from, anyway? As the name implies, constitutional rights are derived from the United States Constitution and all of… Read More


The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States provides that “[t]he right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place… Read More


The First Amendment to the Constitution guarantees the freedom of speech. In other words, the government cannot censor the expression of citizens. “Speech” goes beyond verbal language and includes print and other media as well. The right to peacefully assemble also arises out of the First Amendment. However, these rights are not absolute. A permit… Read More


Mere possession of a car does not establish legal ownership. To legally own a car, the owner must also have the title properly assigned. When a consumer buys a new car at a dealership, the dealer usually completes the steps for title registration as a service and charges a fee for it. If purchasing a… Read More


There is no statute that addresses whether a Washington citizen is legally allowed to openly carry a firearm. However, if a firearm is carried openly, RCW 9.41.270 regulates misuse of a gun, or other weapons, resulting from threatening gestures. Concealed carry With proper licensure, qualified citizens in the State of Washington can legally carry a concealed… Read More


The Constitution of the United States separates our country from many other nations on earth because it guarantees several types of freedom. Citizens are generally free to act at their own discretion, so long as they do not violate the rights of others. Citizens are also generally free not to act if they so choose,… Read More